Innovation is fundamental for development and progress. Any country to achieve a good level of wealth
should adopt a strategy fostering innovation together with the dinamicity of local entrepreneurship, knowledge generation, technology transfer, intelligent regions approach. Europe is a very competitive region in knowledge generation, but the “European paradox” shows that, despite a recognized excellence in generating new knowledge, there are many difficulties in transferring it to the industry. Europe is a very competitive region in knowledge generation and innovation, particularly in basic science.